4 Lessons Learned: Careers

How the 40 Hour Work Week Came to be.

It was so common in the year 1890 to find employees working for even a hundred hours a week. This only gave them time to work and no personal time as it should be. In Wales is where everything to do with the eight hour a day for five days system started. Back in 1817, Robert Owen brought up the idea that a day should be divided thrice and end up been in favor of both the employee and the employer as they are both benefiting. Each part consisted of eight hours. The first part was for doing work, the second was for recreation and the last one was for taking a rest. This idea was not favored by the Europeans but with a few more decades it became popular in the United States.

In 1866, the National Labor Union might not have succeeded in making the eight hour workday in to a law but they did bring awareness about such a thing to the people. Even after the law of the eight hour work day was passed, it was not complete as it required people to would sign contracts for working and having more hours added to their working hours and this made the employees to go on a strike. The day of this strike was then called the May Day. In 1869, government workers were granted the eight hour of work per day and a stable salary. In the 1870s and 1880s, other unions were effortlessly fighting to have the eight hour work day and on every May 1st they would strike. There was the announcement of a national strike in 1886 where so many employees turned out to show how much they wanted this. In 1906, the government workers helped to print the eight hour workday system in the papers for people to see. The Ford Motor Company pretended to make the eight hour system effective. The railway workers were able to work for eight hours a day three years after 1916.

In 1919, more and more companies implemented the rule of eight hours a day and this led to people striking where they are working more hours than eight. In 1926, the Ford Motor Company finally accepted to use the 40 hour work week. The General Motors which are in Flint lacked to give their employees breaks, sick pays and also off days and this is what caused a strike in 1937. At long last they only reduced the hours but not up to eight hours a day. President Franklin Delano is the one who signed the Fair Labor Standards in 1938. In 1940 on October 24th the eight hours workday system became effective.